Business Analysis Framework


Like I said in another post “Business Analysis qualification”, different institutes like IIBA®, PMI and BCS offer the Business Analysis course. Each of these institutes has its framework upon which the Business Analysis practice is based.

The PMI Business Analysis Framework is more of a standard and guide, similar to the PMBOK (Project Management Body of Knowledge) while the BCS Business Analysis framework follows the ‘SFIAplus industry standard framework’. The basis of the IIBA’s Business Analysis framework is on the BABOK Guide.

At Harrybaker, our training covers the IIBA’s Business Analysis Framework (BABOK Guide). As a result, we are going to focus on explaining the IIBA’s Business Analysis Framework. The below explains the content of the BABOK Guide:


Table of Contents

Before we go on to explain the BABOK Guide, let’s look at the meaning Body of knowledge.

A body of knowledge or BOK) is the complete set of concepts, terms, and activities that are used by members of a discipline to guide their practice or work. The idea that the BABOK is a methodology is a common misconception.

A methodology is a system of methods and principles for doing something. A framework, on the other hand, is a basic structure underlying a system or concept.

BABOK Guide is a framework that describes the business analysis tasks that must be put in place before recommending a solution that will deliver value to the stakeholders of an organization. Each business analysis task may vary in form, order, or importance for individual business analysts or for various initiatives.

From the above, it is evident that the BABOK is a framework upon which organizations can build methodologies, policies, procedures, tools, and techniques to practice business analysis.

The Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK® Guide) is a globally recognized standard on which the business analysis practice is based. It recognizes and reflects the fact that business analysis is continually evolving and is practiced in a wide variety of forms and contexts. Thereby, defining the skills and knowledge a professional should demonstrate. The Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK® Guide) reflects the collective knowledge of the business analysis community and presents the most widely accepted business analysis practices BABOK Guide includes the following:

Business Analysis Key Concepts: define important terms needed to understand the content, concepts, and ideas within the BABOK®

Knowledge Areas: represent the main content of BABOK Guide and contain the business analysis tasks that are used to perform business analysis.

Underlying Competencies: describe the behaviors, characteristics, knowledge, and personal qualities that support the effective practice of business analysis

Techniques: describe 50 of the most common techniques business analysts practice.

Perspectives: describe the 5 various views a business analyst can work to better perform the business analysis tasks. These 5 various views are Agile, Business Intelligence, Information Technology, Business Architecture, and Business Process Management.

BABOK Guide organizes the business analysis tasks within the 6 knowledge areas. Each task describes the typical knowledge, skills, and techniques that a BA needs to be able to work in an efficient manner. The knowledge areas organize the tasks in a logical way. It does not specify any process, methodology or the order in which they must follow.

1.Business Analysis Planning and Monitoring: This knowledge area describes the tasks business analysts use in organizing and coordinating efforts in the future steps. During this step, the Business Analyst needs to gather enough information to identify stakeholders. Also, define their roles and responsibilities, plan communication,  deliverables, and define metrics to monitor business analysis work.

2. Elicitation and Collaboration: describe the tasks that business analysts perform to prepare and conduct elicitation activities and confirm the results. The purpose of this knowledge area is to record the correct requirements of the stakeholders by communicating with them in order to avoid unwanted demands in the future.

3. Requirements Life Cycle Management: It covers the tasks that business analysts perform to manage, maintain requirements and design information from inception to retirement. These tasks describe establishing meaningful relationships between related requirements and designs. 

4. Strategy Analysis: This knowledge area describes the business analysis task that must be performed to collaborate with stakeholders in order identify a business need, address the need and align the resulting strategy for the change within the enterprise.

5. Requirements Analysis and Design Definition: It covers the tasks that business analysts perform to structure and organize requirements during elicitation activities.

6. Solution Evaluation: This knowledge covers the tasks used in assessing recommended solutions in use by an enterprise, and to recommend improvements by removal of barriers or constraints that prevent the full realization of the value.

These knowledge areas describe the business analysis practice as it applies within the boundaries of a project. Sometimes, the application maybe throughout an enterprise evolution or for continuous improvement. The below diagram shows how 3 of the knowledge areas support the delivery of business value. This could be before, during, and after the life cycle of a project. 

Business Analysis

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