History of Scrum

History of Scrum

The history of Scrum dates back to 1990s. However, the term first appeared in a 1986 Harvard Business Review article.

History of Scrum: 1980s

In a Harvard Business Review article published in 1986, Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi used the term ‘scrum’. They used it in the context of product development. Furthermore, after a series of research in manufacturing firms, the authors came up with a novel approach to commercial product development. They called the approach the ‘rugby’ or ‘holistic’ approach.

History of Scrum: 1990s

In the early 1990s, Ken Schwaber used the Scrum framework at his company, Advanced Development Methods. On the other hand, Jeff Sutherland and others developed a similar approach at Easel Corporation.

Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland jointly presented a paper in 1995. They made the presentation at the ‘Business Object Design and Implementation Workshop’ in Texas, USA. Years later,  Schwaber and Sutherland came up with what we know today as Scrum.

History of Scrum: 2001 – 2009

Schwaber and Mike Beedle wrote a book ‘Agile Software Development with Scrum’ in 2001, describing the Scrum framework. In 2002, Schwaber and others founded Scrum Alliance and set up a Scrum certification system. Later, Schwaber left Scrum Alliance and founded scrum.org in 2009 and came up with Professional Scrum certifications.

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